Pacific Motorway (Brisbane–Brunswick Heads)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from South East Freeway)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pacific Motorway

New South Wales
Southeast freeway.jpg
General information
Length158 km (98 mi)
Route number(s)
route number
  • Queensland:
  • Metroad 3
  • National Route 1
  • Alternate National Route 1
  • New South Wales:
  • National Route 1 (1955-2013)
Major junctions
North end Inner City Bypass
  Gateway Motorway
Logan Motorway
Gold Coast Highway
for full list see exits.
South end Pacific Highway
Brunswick Heads
Major suburbs / towns
Highway system

The Pacific Motorway is a motorway in Australia between Brisbane, Queensland, and Brunswick Heads, New South Wales, through the New South Wales–Queensland border at Tweed Heads.

The motorway starts at Coronation Drive at Milton in Brisbane, The Brisbane city section of the motorway is often referred to by its former name, the Riverside Expressway. The motorway is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) long, and features eight traffic lanes with a 110 km/h (68 mph) speed limit between the M6 Logan Motorway and Smith Street Motorway and generally six or four lanes at 100 km/h (62 mph) on other sections. The motorway passes through the major tourist region of the Gold Coast, the destination for most of the vehicular traffic from Brisbane. More than A$2 billion was spent on the motorway between 1990 and 1998, including widening the road and safety measures.

The motorway passes Gold Coast attractions such as Warner Bros. Movie World, Wet'n'Wild Water World, and Dreamworld, which are among the most popular theme parks in Australia.[citation needed] Since 2008 the motorway connects with the Tweed Heads bypass in New South Wales.

There are also plans to progressively widen the four lane section from Nerang to Tugun to six lanes. The first section of this upgrade (Nerang to Varsity Lakes) was completed in May 2012. Planning is ongoing for the remaining section of the upgrade (Varsity Lakes to Tugun).[1]

The highest point of the motorway is 92 metres (302 ft) AHD  on a cutting 130 km (81 mi) south of Brisbane (between Cudgera Creek Rd and Sleepy Hollow Rest Area).[2]


Queensland section[edit]

The first section, opened in Brisbane in November 1972, was originally known as the Southeast Freeway.[3] It included the Riverside Expressway which was designed to alleviate traffic congestion in central Brisbane. The Southeast Freeway was connected to the Pacific Highway at Springwood in 1985.[3] The Southeast Freeway was designated originally as the F3, but this nomenclature was removed in 1994.

On 15 April 1996 it was announced that the Pacific Highway between the intersection with the Logan Motorway and Nerang would be upgraded to motorway standard.[4] From the Albert River at Beenleigh to Coombabah Creek at Gaven, about 28 km (17 mi), the road surface is portland cement concrete. The upgraded road was opened to the public in October 2000.[4]

In March 2006, the Queensland Government released planning for substantial changes to the section between Springwood and Daisy Hill, mainly at the entrances and exits along the section to deal with substantial traffic problems on surrounding streets and traffic backups onto the motorway. The planned upgrade led to some popular protest, mainly by people whose homes would be resumed for the project. Construction of the upgrade commenced in November 2009 and was completed in November 2012.[5]

The Tugun Bypass was completed in 2008. It has four lanes (two in each direction in 2008 and provision for six lane widening in the future). Widening from four lanes to six lanes is planned for 2025.[6]

Crossing the Logan River at Loganholme, 2017

Below is an overview of when each stage of the motorway was completed (from north to south):

  • 1960 - Gaven Way. New road connecting Pacific Highway to Nerang, essentially forming the first stage of the Gold Coast bypass route, opened to traffic on 10 December 1960.
  • 1961 - Gold Coast Highway interchange. Grade-separated interchange at Gaven Way.
  • 1965 - Beenleigh bypass. First carriageway of the Beenleigh bypass opened to traffic in December 1965, followed by the second carriageway in December 1966.[7]
  • 1971 - Coomera River bridge duplication. Second bridge across Coomera River officially opened by Minister for Main Roads Ron Camm on 3 June 1971, completing four lanes between Brisbane and Helensvale.[8]
  • 1973 - Alice Street to Juliette Street. First stage of the South-East Freeway, including the Captain Cook Bridge, officially opened to traffic on 7 March 1973.[9]
  • 1976 - Riverside Expressway. New expressway between Hale Street and Alice Street, mostly constructed on bridges, officially opened on 22 July 1976.[10]
  • 1976 - Nerang to Reedy Creek. Reconstructed and realigned highway along the former rail reserve completed in December 1976.[11]
  • 1977 - Juliette Street to Marshall Road. Second stage of the South-East Freeway opened between Juliette Street and Marshall Road on 27 July 1977.[12]
  • 1979 - Nerang bypass. 2.5 km two-lane bypass of Nerang officially opened by Minister for Main Roads Russ Hinze on 6 April 1979.[13]
  • 1980 - Marshall Road to Klumpp Road. Third stage of the South-East Freeway between Marshall Road and Klumpp Road officially opened on 21 October 1980.[14]
  • 1982 - Klumpp Road to Logan Road. Fourth stage of the South-East Freeway opened between Klumpp Road and Logan Road by Queensland Premier Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen on 13 August 1982.[15]
  • 1985 - Reedy Creek to Tugun Extension. Two-lane bypass of West Burleigh opened to traffic in three stages; West Burleigh to Palm Beach in October 1981,[11] Reedy Creek to West Burleigh in November 1983,[11] and Palm Beach to Tugun on 17 May 1985.[16]
  • 1985 - Helensvale to Nerang duplication. Four-lane duplication works completed between Gold Coast Highway and Nerang River in June 1985.[17]
  • 1985 - Tweed Heads bypass. Two-lane bypass opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 18 July 1985 at a total cost of A$3.6m; second carriageway completed in December 1986.[18]
  • 1985 - Logan Road to Compton Road. Fifth and final stage of the South-East Freeway officially opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 22 November 1985.[17]
  • 1986 - Logan River bridge duplication. New concrete bridge across Logan River, duplicating the 1968 bridge, officially opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 16 July 1986.
  • 1987 - Mudgeeraba Interchange. Half-diamond interchange at Mudgeeraba Road opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 21 August 1987.
  • 1987 - Coomera Interchange. Interchange opened by Deputy Premier and Minister for Main Roads Bill Gunn on 10 December 1987.[19]
  • 1988 - Worongary Interchange. Half-diamond interchange opened by Deputy Premier and Minister for Main Roads Bill Gunn on 27 July 1988.
  • 1989 - Reedy Creek Interchange. Interchange completed in September 1989.
  • 1991 - Nerang to Mudgeeraba Duplication. Duplication to four lanes between Pappas Way and Mudgeeraba Road and a new interchange at Elysium Drive opened by Federal Minister for Transport Bob Brown on 23 December 1991.
  • 1992 - Helensvale Interchange. Upgraded interchange at Gold Coast Highway opened by Federal Minister for Transport Bob Brown on 29 October 1992.
  • 1994 - Mudgeeraba to Reedy Creek duplication. Duplication to four lanes between Mudgeeraba Road and Reedy Creek Road and a new overpass at Reedy Creek Road opened by Minister for Transport David Hamill on 18 May 1994.
  • 1994 - Yawalpah Interchange. Diamond interchange at Yawalpah Road opened by MP Paul Braddy on 3 November 1994.
  • 1996 - Winnetts Road to Beenleigh-Redland Bay Road six-laning. Widening to six lanes and a new interchange at Beenleigh-Redland Bay Road completed in December 1996.[20]
  • 1997 - Reedy Creek to Tugun duplication. Duplication to four lanes between Reedy Creek Road and Stewart Road and a southerly extension of Bermuda Street to the highway opened by Minister for Main Roads Vaughan Johnson on 16 June 1997.[21]
  • 2000 - Loganholme to Nerang Upgrade (Pacific Motorway Upgrade). 36 km-long eight-lane upgrade of the Pacific Motorway between Loganholme and Gaven, and six lanes including various interchange and service centre upgrades as well as heralding Queensland's first alphanumeric route number, M1, officially commissioned by Premier Peter Beattie and Minister for Main Roads Steve Bredhauer on 6 October 2000 at a completed cost of A$850m.[22]
  • June 2008 - Tugun Bypass. Features a tunnel. Crosses the state border.
  • 2012 - Nerang to Worongary Upgrade. Six-lane widening works between Pappas Way and Gooding Drive completed on 25 May 2012.[23]
  • 2014 - Worongary to Mudgeeraba Upgrade. Six-lane widening works between Gooding Drive and Robina Town Centre Drive completed on 26 September 2014.[24]
  • 2016 - Coomera interchange upgrade. Roundabouts have been replaced by signalised intersections.
  • May 2020 - M1/M3 Gateway Merge upgrade. Widening to 5 southbound lanes. A new busway on-ramp.[25]
  • June 2020 - Mudgeeraba to Varsity Lakes Upgrade. Widening to six lanes with smart technologies.

New South Wales section[edit]

Banora Point Upgrade on the Pacific Motorway (looking south)
Barneys Point Bridge over the Tweed River, 2017

The NSW section of the Pacific Motorway to Brunswick Heads is part of the Pacific Highway upgrade from the Queensland border to Ballina. It was renamed to Pacific Motorway from Pacific Highway in February 2013.[26][27]

The motorway was first completed in July 1985 with the opening of first stage of Tweed Heads Bypass, followed by the second stage in November 1992.[28] The most recent addition to the motorway is the Banora Point upgrade which opened in September 2012.[29]

Below is an overview of when each stage of the motorway was completed (from south to north):

Southern terminus Northern terminus Distance Date completed Notes
km mi
Tyagarah Ewingsdale 16 October 1998 Realignment[30]
Tandys Lane bypass 19 December 2001 Bypass[31]
Yelgun Brunswick Heads 11 July 2007 Realignment[32]
Chinderah Yelgun 6 August 2002 Included the Cudgen Road Tunnel[33]
Chinderah bypass 29 November 1996 Included the Barneys Point Bridge[34]
Banora Point upgrade 22 September 2012
Minjungbal Drive Kennedy Drive 14 November 1992 Tweed Heads bypass
Kennedy Drive Tugun bypass 18 July 1985

Service centres[edit]

The Pacific Motorway, when it was upgraded in September 2000, was the first motorway in Queensland to have service centres integrated. There are two service centres, Stapylton servicing southbound traffic, and Coomera servicing northbound traffic. The travel centres include fuel and fast-food restaurants, picnic areas and a shop. Solar panels on the roofs of the centres provide power to the facilities.

Speed limits[edit]

Southern terminus Northern terminus Speed limit Notes
km/h mph
Tyagarah Chinderah 110 68 Some variance
Chinderah Gaven 100 62 Crosses the state border
Gaven Beenleigh 110 68
Beenleigh Greenslopes 100 62
Greenslopes Vulture Street, Woolloongabba 90 56
Vulture Street, Woolloongabba Elizabeth Street (CBD) 80 50 Concurrency with the Riverside Expressway
Elizabeth Street (CBD) Herschel Street (CBD) 70 43
Herschel Street (CBD) Hale Street (CBD) 60 37

Speed cameras[edit]

There is a fixed speed camera on the Pacific Motorway at Tarragindi, facing northbound. There is another at Loganholme just after the Logan Motorway exit facing northbound.[35] A third set of speed cameras, situated on the northbound side of the motorway at the Smith Street overpass at Gaven, became active around March 2013.[36][37]

Major settlements[edit]

M1 Motorway as it passes through the Gold Coast
The southbound Pacific Motorway at the Smith Street Motorway exit.

Gold Coast[edit]

Beenleigh to Coolangatta is within the City of Gold Coast. The city has a population of 500,000 and is Australia's sixth-largest city. The oceanside parts of the Gold Coast are characterised by high-rises, residential canal developments, a casino, theme parks, amusement parks and numerous tourist attractions, whilst its inland suburbs are leafy and well kept, looking much like the newer suburbia of other large Australian cities. The Gold Coast attracts tourists from around the world and is one of Australia's leading tourist destinations. Most of the city is bypassed by the Pacific Motorway (M1 Motorway) which continues from Metroad 3 at Logan City south of Brisbane. The former route of the Pacific Highway through the Gold Coast has been renamed as the Gold Coast Highway. The Gold Coast Highway was very congested until the Tugun Bypass opened in June 2008 bypassing a badly traffic snarled section near the Gold Coast Airport.

Tweed Heads[edit]

The highway crosses the Tweed River south of Banora Point. Tweed Heads is the major commercial centre of the southern part of the Gold Coast, which extends as far south as Chinderah in New South Wales. It was known as a "twin town" along with Coolangatta, Queensland before they coalesced with other towns to form the suburbia of the Gold Coast. The Tweed River valley contains the Cudgen Road Tunnel completed in 2002. The tunnel was built to avoid the visual impact of a road cutting.


New South Wales[edit]

ByronBrunswick Heads00.0Gulgan Road [west] – MullumbimbyPartial Dumbbell interchange
3.01.9Old Pacific Highway / Gulgan Road – Brunswick HeadsDumbbell interchange
6.03.7Old Pacific HighwayDumbbell interchange
Brunswick River6.23.9Matthew Devine Bridge
ByronBillinudgel10.06.2Wilfred Street – Ocean Shores, BillinudgelNorthbound exit and entrance to the west only
11.57.1 Tweed Valley Way / Brunswick Valley Way (Tourist route 40) – YelgunTrumpet interchange, with partial dumbbell
TweedCudgera Creek24.515.2Cudgera Creek Road – Cudgera Creek, Pottsville, Hastings PointDiamond interchange
Clothiers Creek31.519.6Clothiers Creek Road – Clothiers Creek, Tanglewood, Bogangar
Cudgen Road (no access)37.123.1Cudgen Road Tunnel
TweedChinderah40.024.9 Tweed Valley Way (Tourist route 40) – Tumbulgum, Condong, MurwillumbahTrumpet interchange
43.026.7Chinderah Road / Tweed Coast Road – Chinderah, KingscliffGrade-separated roundabout interchange
44.627.7Waugh Street – ChinderahNorthbound exit and entrance to the west only
45.328.1Chinderah Bay Drive / Fingal Road – Chinderah, Fingal HeadSouthbound exit and entrance only; trumpet interchange
Tweed River45.728.4Barneys Point Bridge
TweedBanora Point46.528.9Sexton Hill Drive – Banora Point, TerranoraTrumpet interchange
47.029.2Wilsons Park Tunnel
48.029.8Mingjunbal Drive / Sexton Hill Drive – Banora Point, Tweed Heads SouthTrumpet interchange
Terranora Creek50.631.4Bridge over the creek (bridge name unknown)
TweedTweed Heads51.231.8Kennedy Drive – Tweed Heads, Tweed Heads WestDogbone interchange
52.032.3 Gold Coast Highway (Queensland State route 2) – Coolangatta, Gold Coast, Gold Coast AirportTrumpet interchange
Tweed Heads West52.932.9Tunnel under airport runway
55.434.4 Pacific Motorway (M1)Northern terminus in New South Wales; road continues in Queensland as the Pacific Motorway (M1)
New South Wales – Queensland state borderNew South Wales – Queensland state border
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


New South Wales – Queensland state border0.00.0New South Wales – Queensland state borderContinues from 55.4km above
Gold CoastCurrumbin Waters3.11.995Stewart Road - west - to
Currumbin Creek Road (State route 98) – Currumbin Valley
Tugun – Currumbin Road - east  – Tugun
Diamond interchange connects to Gold Coast Highway (State Route 2)
Currumbin Creek4.42.7Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold CoastPalm Beach4.52.893K.P. McGrath Drive / Sarawak Avenue – Elanora, Palm Beach, Currumbin
5.93.792Palm Beach Avenue – Palm Beach, Elanora
Tallebudgera Creek8.45.2Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold CoastTallebudgera8.75.489Tallebudgera Creek Road – TallebudgeraModified trumpet interchange
Burleigh Heads10.96.887 Southport – Burleigh Road (formerly Bermuda Street) (State route 3) – Southport, Reedy CreekGrade-separated roundabout interchange
Reedy Creek13.08.185 Burleigh Connection Road (State Route 80)  – Burleigh Heads, Reedy Creek, Varsity LakesModified trumpet interchange
Robina16.110.082 Robina Parkway (State route 7) – Clear Island WatersDiamond interchange
Mudgeeraba Creek16.610.3Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold CoastMudgeeraba17.410.880The Link Way to
Gold Coast – Springbrook Road (State route 99) – Mudgeeraba, Springbrook National Park
Northbound exit only via a slip lane
Robina18.311.479 Mudgeeraba Road (State route 42) – GilstonModified dumbbell interchange
Worongary21.013.077 Mudgeeraba Road (State route 50) - south  – Mudgeeraba
Gooding Drive (State route 50) - east  – Carrara
Grade-separated dumbbell interchange
22.814.275Elysium RoadGrade-separated dumbbell interchange
Highland Park24.815.473Alexander Drive - west  – Highland Park
Nielsens Road - east  – Carrara
Nerang29.918.672Pappas Way – Highland Park, CarraraFormerly exit 71A
31.519.671 Nerang Connection Road (State route 90) - west  – Nerang
Nerang–Broadbeach Road (State route 90) - east  – Broadbeach
Diamond interchange
Nerang River28.217.5Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold CoastNerang29.018.069 Southport – Nerang Road (State route 20) - west  – Nerang - east  – Surfers Paradise, Ashmore, SouthportSouthbound exit and entrance, and indirect northbound exit and entrance via Nerang Connection Road
Arundel32.119.966 Smith Street Motorway (State route 10) – Gaven, Parkwood, Sea World, Gold Coast University HospitalModified trumpet and grade-separated diamond interchange
Helensvale35.522.162 Gold Coast Highway (State route 2) – Pacific Pines, Gold CoastModified trumpet and parclo interchange
37.923.560Helensvale Road – Hope Island, Oxenford, Movie World, Wet'n'Wild
40.425.157 Hope Island Road (State route 4) – Hope IslandDiamond interchange
57 Tamborine – Oxenford Road (State route 95) – Tamborine Mountain, Oxenford
Coomera River41.425.7Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold CoastCoomera43.627.154Foxwell Road – Coomera, Upper Coomera, DreamworldModified parclo
Pimpama48.330.049Pimpama–Jacobs Well Road – Pimpama, Jacobs WellDumbbell interchange
Ormeau51.231.845Mirambeena Drive / Tillyroen Road – Ormeau, Jacobs Well, NorwellDumbbell interchange, northbound exit and southbound entrance only
53.633.345Eggersdorf Road / Peachey Road – Ormeau, Kingsholme, NorwellDumbbell interchange, northbound entrance and southbound exit only
57.135.541Computer Road – Yatala, OrmeauDumbbell interchange
Yatala60.037.338Stapylton – Jacobs Well Road – Yatala, StapyltonDumbbell interchange
Albert River61.338.1Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
LoganBeenleigh62.338.735 Main Street (State route 94) – BeenleighGrade separated roundabout interchange
64.239.934 City Road (State route 92) – BeenleighGrade separated roundabout interchange
Logan River65.640.8Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
LoganBrowns Plains66.841.531 Logan Motorway (M6) – Ipswich, ToowoombaTrumpet interchange
Loganholme68.042.330 Beenleigh – Redland Bay Road (State route 47) – Redland Bay, Cleveland
Tanah Merah69.843.428Bryants Rd  – Shailer Park, Tanah Merah
Slacks Creek71.044.126Murrays Rd  – Slacks CreekNorthbound exit and entrance via Nujooloo Road
Southbound exit and entrance via Mandew Street (part of Exit 28)
73.345.524Winnets Road / Loganlea Road – Daisy Hill, Loganlea
74.646.423 Paradise Road / Chatswood Road (State route 50) – Slacks Creek, Logan Central, SpringwoodNorthbound entrance and southbound entrance and exit only
Springwood75.847.122Old Pacific Highway – SpringwoodSouthbound exit only
77.348.020 Logan Road (State route 30) / Old Pacific Highway – Rochedale, Underwood, SpringwoodTrumpet interchange and partial diamond interchange
Rochedale South78.248.619 Rochedale Road (State route 30) – Rochedale, UnderwoodNorthbound entrance and southbound exit only
BrisbaneEight Mile Plains81.550.616 Gateway Motorway (M1 [northeast]) – Murarrie, Sunshine Coast, Brisbane Airport
Gateway Motorway (M2 [southwest]) – Drewvale, Browns Plains
Trumpet interchange. Pacific Motorway continues north as the M3.
Gateway Motorway heads northeast as the M1.
Heading south, the Pacific Motorway carries the M1 shield.
MacGregor83.451.814 Logan Road (State route 95) – Upper Mount Gravatt, Eight Mile Plains
Upper Mount Gravatt86.653.811 Klump Road / Mains Road (State route 36) – Upper Mount Gravatt, Griffith UniversityNorthbound entrance and southbound exit only
Mount Gravatt88.655.19Gaza Road – Mount Gravatt, Griffith UniversityNorthbound exit and southbound entrance only
Tarragindi90.055.98 Marshall Road (State routes 10 and 11) – Holland ParkNorthbound entrance and southbound exit only
Greenslopes93.057.85 Juliette Street / Cornwall Street – Greenslopes, AnnerleyNorthbound exit and southbound entrance via Juliette Street
Northbound entrance and southbound exit via Cornwall Street
Woolloongabba94.458.74 Clem Jones Tunnel (M7) – Sunshine Coast, Northern Suburbs, Brisbane AirportNorthbound exit and southbound entrance only
South Brisbane95.059.02 Stanley Street / Vulture Street (State 41) – East Brisbane, South Brisbane, Highgate HillNorthbound exit and southbound entrance via Stanley Street
Northbound entrance and southbound exit via Vulture Street
Brisbane River95.659.4Captain Cook Bridge
BrisbaneBrisbane CBD96.459.9Margaret Street
96.760.1Elizabeth Street
97.160.3Turbot StreetNorthbound exit only
97.460.5Herschel StreetNorthbound exit only
Riverside Expressway (M3)Northern terminus of the Pacific Motorway; road continues as the
Riverside Expressway (M3) to  – Sunshine Coast, Brisbane Airport
State Route 33 Coronation Drive – Indooroopilly
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


  1. ^ a b Listing includes: Terminii, declared roads, former alignments, and intersections where a turn is required to remain on the highway, and minor roads at these intersections.
  2. ^ Exits are numbered progressively from the Brisbane CBD.

See also[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata


  1. ^ Pacific Motorway (M1) upgrade planning: Nerang to Tugun Archived 12 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Track". Pacific Motorway (Brisbane to Ewingsdale). GPSies. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  3. ^ a b Gregory, Helen; Dianne Mclay (2010). Building Brisbane's History: Structure, Sculptures, Stories and Secrets. Warriewood, New South Wales: Woodslane Press. pp. 8–10. ISBN 9781921606199.
  4. ^ a b Bevan, David (2007). The Pacific Motorway Report: An investigation into the actions of the Department of Main Roads in relation to noise and safety issues concerning the Pacific Motorway (PDF). Brisbane: Queensland Ombudsman. p. xiv. ISBN 978-0-9758442-9-8. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
  5. ^ Pacific Motorway (M1) upgrade: Springwood (south) to Daisy Hill Archived 16 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  6. ^ "RTA and Tweed Council traffic master plan" Archived 30 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1965-1966
  8. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1970-1971
  9. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1972-1973
  10. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1975-1976
  11. ^ a b c Queensland Roads, December 1981
  12. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1977-1978
  13. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1978-1979
  14. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1980-1981
  15. ^ Queensland Roads, December 1982
  16. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1984-1985
  17. ^ a b Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1985-1986
  18. ^ Queensland Roads, July 1987
  19. ^ Queensland Roads, July 1988
  20. ^ [1] Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1995-1996
  21. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1996-1997
  22. ^ "M1 Drives Growth in South East".
  23. ^ [2] Nerang to Worongary completed
  24. ^ [3] Upgrade to busy section of Pacific Motorway complete
  25. ^ [4] Gateway Merge is now complete since May 2020.
  26. ^ "Government Gazette of the state of New South Wales" (PDF). 1 February 2013. p. 8 (236). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  27. ^ "Government Gazette of the state of New South Wales" (PDF). 10 May 2013. p. 15 (1667). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  28. ^ Pacific Highway – Section: Chinderah to Tweed Heads, Ozroads. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  29. ^ Banora Point, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  30. ^ Ewingsdale to Tyagarah Realignment – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  31. ^ Tandy's Lane – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  32. ^ Brunswick Heads to Yelgun – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  33. ^ Yelgun to Chinderah – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  34. ^ Chindera Bypass, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  35. ^ Speed Camera - M1 Tarragindi QLD. Holland Park West, QLD, 4121 Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. POIDB on fixed speed cameras.
  36. ^ New speed cameras installed on M1. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  37. ^ "Locations of speed and red light cameras". Queensland Government. Retrieved 22 February 2015. Fixed speed cameras are located: ...Pacific Motorway at Gaven, Pacific Motorway at Loganholme, Pacific Motorway at Tarragindi...
  38. ^ Google (1 April 2017). "Pacific Mwy, Tyagarah NSW 2481, Australia to Pacific Mwy, Cobaki Lakes, NSW, Australia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  39. ^ Google (1 April 2017). "Pacific Mwy, Cobaki Lakes, NSW, Australia to Riverside Expressway, Brisbane City QLD 4000, Australia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 April 2017.

External links[edit]