Municipalities of Yucatán

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Map of Mexico with Yucatán highlighted
Map of Mexico with Yucatán highlighted

Yucatán is a state in southeastern Mexico that is divided into 106 municipalities, organized into 7 administrative regions. According to the 2020 Mexican Census, it is the twenty-second most populated state with 2,320,898 inhabitants and the 20th largest by land area spanning 39,524.4 square kilometres (15,260.5 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities of Yucatán by region

Municipalities in Yucatán are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population is Mérida, with 995,129 residents (42.87% of the state's total), while the smallest is Quintana Roo with 976 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is Tizimín which spans 3,884.80 km2 (1,499.93 sq mi), and the smallest is Sanahcat with 26.20 km2 (10.12 sq mi).[2] The newest municipality is Chikindzonot, established in 1957.[6]

Municipalities[edit]

State capital  State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
(2020)[1]
Population
(2010)[7]
Change Land area[2] Population density
(2020)
Incorporation date[6]
km2 sq mi
Abalá Abalá 6,550 6,356 +3.1% 292.7 113.0 22.4/km2 (58.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Acanceh Acanceh 16,772 15,337 +9.4% 137.3 53.0 122.2/km2 (316.4/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Akil[a] Akil 12,285 10,362 +18.6% 76.5 29.5 160.6/km2 (415.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Baca Baca 6,195 5,701 +8.7% 108.5 41.9 57.1/km2 (147.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Bokobá Bokobá 2,167 2,053 +5.6% 71.7 27.7 30.2/km2 (78.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Buctzotz Buctzotz 9,159 8,637 +6.0% 654.3 252.6 14.0/km2 (36.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Cacalchén Cacalchén 7,490 6,811 +10.0% 101.5 39.2 73.8/km2 (191.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Calotmul Calotmul 3,949 4,095 −3.6% 290.7 112.2 13.6/km2 (35.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Cansahcab Cansahcab 4,466 4,696 −4.9% 128.8 49.7 34.7/km2 (89.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Cantamayec[b] Cantamayec 2,755 2,407 +14.5% 356.3 137.6 7.7/km2 (20.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Celestún Celestún 8,389 6,831 +22.8% 596.9 230.5 14.1/km2 (36.4/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Cenotillo Cenotillo 3,736 3,701 +0.9% 542.5 209.5 6.9/km2 (17.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chacsinkín Chacsinkín 3,104 2,818 +10.1% 114.7 44.3 27.1/km2 (70.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chankom Chankom 4,686 4,464 +5.0% 443.5 171.2 10.6/km2 (27.4/sq mi) March 8, 1935
Chapab Chapab 3,385 3,035 +11.5% 169.4 65.4 20.0/km2 (51.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chemax Chemax 38,934 33,490 +16.3% 1,398.5 540.0 27.8/km2 (72.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chichimilá Chichimilá 9,406 7,952 +18.3% 470.0 181.5 20.0/km2 (51.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chicxulub Pueblo Chicxulub Pueblo 4,497 4,113 +9.3% 44.3 17.1 101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chikindzonot Chikindzonot 4,363 4,162 +4.8% 473.8 182.9 9.2/km2 (23.8/sq mi) February 21, 1957
Chocholá Chocholá 4,863 4,530 +7.4% 292.9 113.1 16.6/km2 (43.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Chumayel Chumayel 3,244 3,148 +3.0% 83.8 32.4 38.7/km2 (100.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Conkal Conkal 16,671 9,143 +82.3% 63.3 24.4 263.4/km2 (682.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Cuncunul Cuncunul 1,714 1,595 +7.5% 135.9 52.5 12.6/km2 (32.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Cuzamá Cuzamá 5,560 4,966 +12.0% 93.5 36.1 59.5/km2 (154.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzán[c] Dzán 6,003 4,941 +21.5% 79.9 30.8 75.1/km2 (194.6/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzemul Dzemul 3,622 3,489 +3.8% 174.1 67.2 20.8/km2 (53.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzidzantún Dzidzantún 8,345 8,133 +2.6% 207.5 80.1 40.2/km2 (104.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzilam de Bravo[d] Dzilam de Bravo 2,936 2,463 +19.2% 432.3 166.9 6.8/km2 (17.6/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzilam González Dzilam González 6,240 5,905 +5.7% 506.5 195.6 12.3/km2 (31.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzitás Dzitás 4,015 3,540 +13.4% 309.6 119.5 13.0/km2 (33.6/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Dzoncauich[e] Dzoncauich 2,818 2,772 +1.7% 133.4 51.5 21.1/km2 (54.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Espita Espita 16,779 15,571 +7.8% 735.3 283.9 22.8/km2 (59.1/sq mi) May 24, 1837
Halachó Halachó 21,255 19,072 +11.4% 586.3 226.4 36.3/km2 (93.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Hocabá Hocabá 6,514 6,061 +7.5% 94.9 36.6 68.6/km2 (177.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Hoctún Hoctún 6,384 5,697 +12.1% 120.7 46.6 52.9/km2 (137.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Homún Homún 8,090 7,257 +11.5% 199.8 77.1 40.5/km2 (104.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Huhí Huhí 5,250 4,841 +8.4% 197.6 76.3 26.6/km2 (68.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Hunucmá Hunucmá 35,137 30,731 +14.3% 839.6 324.2 41.8/km2 (108.4/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Ixil Ixil 4,186 3,803 +10.1% 136.8 52.8 30.6/km2 (79.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Izamal Izamal 28,555 25,980 +9.9% 458.7 177.1 62.3/km2 (161.2/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Kanasín Kanasín 141,939 78,709 +80.3% 106.3 41.0 1,335.3/km2 (3,458.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Kantunil Kantunil 5,553 5,502 +0.9% 199.7 77.1 27.8/km2 (72.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Kaua[f] Kaua 3,405 2,761 +23.3% 137.4 53.1 24.8/km2 (64.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Kinchil Kinchil 7,530 6,571 +14.6% 355.8 137.4 21.2/km2 (54.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Kopomá[g] Kopomá 2,677 2,449 +9.3% 157.7 60.9 17.0/km2 (44.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Mama Mama 3,296 2,888 +14.1% 100.4 38.8 32.8/km2 (85.0/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Maní Maní 5,968 5,250 +13.7% 126.8 49.0 47.1/km2 (121.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Maxcanú Maxcanú 23,991 21,704 +10.5% 910.8 351.7 26.3/km2 (68.2/sq mi) May 24, 1837
Mayapán Mayapán 3,965 3,269 +21.3% 93.6 36.1 42.4/km2 (109.7/sq mi) August 16, 1935
Mérida MéridaState capital 995,129 830,732 +19.8% 874.4 337.6 1,138.1/km2 (2,947.6/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Mocochá Mocochá 3,430 3,071 +11.7% 47.2 18.2 72.7/km2 (188.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Motul Motul de Carrillo Puerto 37,804 33,978 +11.3% 320.6 123.8 117.9/km2 (305.4/sq mi) May 24, 1837
Muna Muna 13,494 12,336 +9.4% 397.3 153.4 34.0/km2 (88.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Muxupip[h] Muxupip 2,990 2,755 +8.5% 71.6 27.6 41.8/km2 (108.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Opichén Opichén 7,080 6,285 +12.6% 259.4 100.2 27.3/km2 (70.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Oxkutzcab Oxkutzcab 33,854 29,325 +15.4% 863.0 333.2 39.2/km2 (101.6/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Panabá Panabá 7,766 7,461 +4.1% 665.3 256.9 11.7/km2 (30.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Peto Peto 25,954 24,159 +7.4% 1,055.0 407.3 24.6/km2 (63.7/sq mi) October 27, 1835
Progreso Progreso 66,008 53,958 +22.3% 430.2 166.1 153.4/km2 (397.4/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo 976 942 +3.6% 103.5 40.0 9.4/km2 (24.4/sq mi) October 8, 1931
Río Lagartos Río Lagartos 3,974 3,438 +15.6% 337.6 130.3 11.8/km2 (30.5/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Sacalum Sacalum 4,962 4,589 +8.1% 198.8 76.8 25.0/km2 (64.6/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Samahil[i] Samahil 5,631 5,008 +12.4% 160.6 62.0 35.1/km2 (90.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
San Felipe[j] San Felipe 2,118 1,839 +15.2% 452.1 174.6 4.7/km2 (12.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Sanahcat[k] Sanahcat 1,701 1,619 +5.1% 26.2 10.1 64.9/km2 (168.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Santa Elena Santa Elena 4,220 3,833 +10.1% 513.8 198.4 8.2/km2 (21.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Seyé Seyé 10,053 9,276 +8.4% 178.1 68.8 56.4/km2 (146.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Sinanché Sinanché 3,206 3,126 +2.6% 134.3 51.9 23.9/km2 (61.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Sotuta Sotuta 8,967 8,449 +6.1% 545.9 210.8 16.4/km2 (42.5/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Sucilá Sucilá 3,971 3,930 +1.0% 307.2 118.6 12.9/km2 (33.5/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Sudzal[l] Sudzal 1,949 1,689 +15.4% 221.6 85.6 8.8/km2 (22.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Suma[m] Suma de Hidalgo 1,857 1,876 −1.0% 87.9 33.9 21.1/km2 (54.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tahdziú Tahdziú 5,854 4,447 +31.6% 241.4 93.2 24.3/km2 (62.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tahmek Tahmek 3,774 3,609 +4.6% 102.5 39.6 36.8/km2 (95.4/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Teabo Teabo 6,921 6,205 +11.5% 224.6 86.7 30.8/km2 (79.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tecoh Tecoh 17,939 16,200 +10.7% 367.5 141.9 48.8/km2 (126.4/sq mi) November 30, 1840
Tekal[n] Tekal de Venegas 2,683 2,606 +3.0% 199.6 77.1 13.4/km2 (34.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tekantó Tekantó 3,747 3,683 +1.7% 79.8 30.8 47.0/km2 (121.6/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tekax Tekax de Álvaro Obregón 45,062 40,547 +11.1% 2,768.4 1,068.9 16.3/km2 (42.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tekit Tekit 11,020 9,884 +11.5% 281.0 108.5 39.2/km2 (101.6/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tekom[o] Tekom 3,355 3,100 +8.2% 273.1 105.4 12.3/km2 (31.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Telchac Pueblo Telchac Pueblo 3,512 3,557 −1.3% 57.9 22.4 60.7/km2 (157.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Telchac Puerto[p] Telchac Puerto 1,915 1,726 +11.0% 65.2 25.2 29.4/km2 (76.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Temax Temax 7,037 6,817 +3.2% 337.6 130.3 20.8/km2 (54.0/sq mi) May 24, 1837
Temozón Temozón 16,680 14,801 +12.7% 706.6 272.8 23.6/km2 (61.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tepakán Tepakán 2,133 2,226 −4.2% 108.7 42.0 19.6/km2 (50.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tetiz Tetiz 5,464 4,725 +15.6% 336.9 130.1 16.2/km2 (42.0/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Teya Teya 1,917 1,977 −3.0% 77.9 30.1 24.6/km2 (63.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Ticul Ticul 40,495 37,685 +7.5% 339.9 131.2 119.1/km2 (308.6/sq mi) May 24, 1837
Timucuy Timucuy 7,503 6,833 +9.8% 134.6 52.0 55.7/km2 (144.4/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tinum Tinum 12,700 11,421 +11.2% 470.5 181.7 27.0/km2 (69.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tixcacalcupul Tixcacalcupul Municipality 7,888 6,665 +18.3% 502.4 194.0 15.7/km2 (40.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tixkokob Tixkokob 18,420 17,176 +7.2% 172.3 66.5 106.9/km2 (276.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tixmehuac Tixmehuac 5,444 4,746 +14.7% 230.2 88.9 23.6/km2 (61.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tixpéhual[q] Tixpéhual 5,690 5,388 +5.6% 70.9 27.4 80.3/km2 (207.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tizimín Tizimín 80,672 73,138 +10.3% 3,884.8 1,499.9 20.8/km2 (53.8/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Tunkás Tunkás 3,684 3,464 +6.4% 413.2 159.5 8.9/km2 (23.1/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Tzucacab Tzucacab 15,346 14,011 +9.5% 765.6 295.6 20.0/km2 (51.9/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Uayma Uayma 4,191 3,782 +10.8% 187.7 72.5 22.3/km2 (57.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Ucú[r] Ucú 4,049 3,469 +16.7% 130.8 50.5 31.0/km2 (80.2/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Umán Umán 69,147 50,993 +35.6% 354.1 136.7 195.3/km2 (505.8/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Valladolid Valladolid 85,460 74,217 +15.1% 1,078.2 416.3 79.3/km2 (205.3/sq mi) April 6, 1825
Xocchel Xocchel 3,451 3,236 +6.6% 110.8 42.8 31.1/km2 (80.7/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Yaxcabá[s] Yaxcabá 16,350 14,802 +10.5% 1,474.2 569.2 11.1/km2 (28.7/sq mi) November 30, 1840
Yaxkukul Yaxkukul 3,293 2,868 +14.8% 49.5 19.1 66.5/km2 (172.3/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Yobaín Yobaín 2,215 2,137 +3.6% 131.8 50.9 16.8/km2 (43.5/sq mi) July 24, 1867
Yucatán 2,320,898 1,955,577 +18.7% 39,524.4 15,260.5 58.7/km2 (152.1/sq mi)
Mexico 126,014,024 112,336,538 +12.2% 1,960,646.7 757,010 64.3/km2 (166.5/sq mi)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Akil was merged with Tekax in 1905-1919.[6]
  2. ^ Cantamayec was merged with Sotuta in 1905-1927.[6]
  3. ^ Dzán was merged with Ticul in 1905-1933.[6]
  4. ^ Dzilam de Bravo was originally incorporated as Dzilam (puerto), changing its name on December 30, 1921. It was merged with Temax from 1905-1921.[6]
  5. ^ Dzoncauich was merged with Temax in 1905-1928.[6]
  6. ^ Kaua was merged with Uayma in 1919-1922 and with Cuncunul in 1922-1935.[6]
  7. ^ Kopomá was merged with Maxcanú in 1905-1935.[6]
  8. ^ Muxupip was merged with Motul in 1905-1927.[6]
  9. ^ Samahil was merged with Hunucmá in 1905-1918.[6]
  10. ^ San Felipe was merged with Tizimín in 1905-1935.[6]
  11. ^ Sanahcat was merged with Sotuta in 1905-1924.[6]
  12. ^ Sudzal was merged with Izamal in 1905-1932.[6]
  13. ^ Suma was merged with Teya in 1905-1919 and with Cansahcab in 1919-1921.[6]
  14. ^ Tekal was merged with Izamal in 1905-1930.[6]
  15. ^ Tekom was merged with Valladolid in 1905-1919.[6]
  16. ^ Telchac Puerto was merged with Motul in 1905-1927.[6]
  17. ^ Tixpéhual was merged with Tixkokob in 1905-1929.[6]
  18. ^ Ucú was merged with Hunucmá in 1905-1925.[6]
  19. ^ Yaxcabá was merged with Sotuta in 1905-1923.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 - SCITEL" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  2. ^ a b c "México en cifras - Medio Ambiente - Yucatán" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115, Act of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-4330-7030-3.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Estado de Yucatán División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. ISBN 970-13-1518-9.
  7. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 - SCITEL" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 2021-01-27.