1934 Ontario general election

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1934 Ontario general election

← 1929 June 19, 1934 1937 →

90 seats in the 19th Legislative Assembly of Ontario
46 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Mitchell Hepburn1 crop.jpg George Stewart Henry.jpg CCF
Leader Mitchell Hepburn George S. Henry John Mitchell
as party president
Party Liberal Conservative Co-operative Commonwealth
Leader since December 17, 1930 1930 April 14, 1934
Leader's seat Elgin York East Ran in Wentworth (Lost)
Last election 13 90 n.a.
Seats won 65 17 1
Seat change Increase52 Decrease73 Increase1
Percentage 50.4% 39.8% 7.0%
Swing Increase17.6% Decrease19.0% Increase7.0%

Premier before election

George S. Henry

Premier after election

Mitchell Hepburn

The 1934 Ontario general election was the 19th general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. It was held on June 19, 1934, to elect the 90 Members of the 19th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs").[1]

The Ontario Liberal Party, led by Mitchell Hepburn, defeated the governing Ontario Conservative Party, led by George Stewart Henry. Hepburn was assisted by Harry Nixon's Progressive bloc of MLAs who ran in this election as Liberal-Progressives on the understanding that they would support a Hepburn led government. Nixon, himself, became a senior cabinet minister in the Hepburn government.

The Liberals won a majority in the Legislature, while the Conservatives lost four out of every five seats that they had won in the previous election.

The legislature shrunk in size after the election of 1934 from 112 seats to 90.

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, in its first provincial election, ran 37 candidates[2] and won a seat in the Ontario Legislature for the first time with the election of Samuel Lawrence in Hamilton East.

The United Farmers of Ontario had affiliated with the CCF but disaffiliated immediately prior to the 1934 election due to a row over suspected Communist infiltration of the party. Accordingly, two UFO nominated candidates, incumbent MLA Farquhar Oliver (Grey South) and Leslie Warner Oke, former MLA for Lambton East, ran as UFO candidates rather than with the CCF. Oliver was re-elected and later supported the Hepburn government.

Earl Hutchinson of Kenora was re-elected as a Labour MLA but resigned a month later to allow Peter Heenan, a former Labour MLA in the riding, to contest Kenora in a by-election as a Liberal so that he could be appointed to Cabinet. Hutchinson was then appointed vice-chairman of the Workmen's Compensation Board.


  Party Leader 1929 Elected % change Popular vote
% change
  Liberal Mitchell Hepburn 13 65 +400% 50.4% +17.6%
  Conservative George Stewart Henry 90 17 -81.1% 39.8% -19.0%
Liberal–Progressive[a] Harry Nixon 1 4 +300%[a]    
  Co-operative Commonwealth John Mitchell
(party president)
[b] 1 [b] 7.0% [b]
     Labour   1 1 -    
United Farmers Farquhar Oliver and Leslie Oke 1 1 -    
  Independent   - 1      
Progressive[a]   4 [b] -100% [b] [b]
  Conservative Independent   2 - -100%    
Total 112 90 –19.6% 100%  
Popular vote
Seats summary

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c 4 Progressives and 1 Liberal-Progressive were elected in 1929. In the 1934 election, Progressive leader Harry Nixon led the party into a coalition with the Liberals under the Liberal-Progressive label. While there are three more Liberal-Progressives in 1934 than in 1929 there was a net loss of one seat if one adds in the Progressives elected in 1929.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Party did not nominate candidates.


  1. ^ "1934 General Election". Elections Ontario. Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  2. ^ "Nominations for Elections in Ontario and Saskatchewan". Ottawa Citizen. 13 June 1934. Retrieved 7 February 2016.

Further reading[edit]