Liling

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Liling
醴陵市
Liling is located in Hunan
Liling
Liling
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°38′46″N 113°29′49″E / 27.6461°N 113.4970°E / 27.6461; 113.4970Coordinates: 27°38′46″N 113°29′49″E / 27.6461°N 113.4970°E / 27.6461; 113.4970
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Prefecture-level cityZhuzhou
Area
 • County-level city2,158.0 km2 (833.2 sq mi)
 • Urban
113.80 km2 (43.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • County-level city1,116,000
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
247,500
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Liling (Chinese: 醴陵; pinyin: Lǐlíng) is a county-level city and the 12th most populous county-level division in Hunan Province, China; it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhuzhou. Located on the middle eastern margin of the province, the city is bordered to the north by Liuyang City, to the west by Lusong District and Zhuzhou County, to the south by You County, to the east by Xiangdong District of Yichun, Shangli County of Jiangxi. Liling City covers 2,157 km2 (833 sq mi) with registered population of 978,900 and resident population of 1,060,000 (as of 2015).[2]

Liling is known for its traditional porcelain and firework industries. The "Chairman Mao" porcelain produced in Liling is used as gifts for presidents.

Liling has extensive transport links, such as G60 (Hukun highway), S11 (Yueru Highway), 320, and 106 national roads. Also, there is the Liling Hukun High speed train station and Liling train station, which mainly serves trains going east and west across China as well as local trains in Hunan. Additionally, Liling is only 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Changsha Huanghua International Airport (CSX).

Liling has had a booming economy since the beginning of the 21st century. In 2010, Liling had a GDP of 26.37 billion.[clarification needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

According to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Liling on November 26, 2015, the divisions of Liling, according to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Liling on November 26, 2015: Qingshuijiang Township merged to Chuanwan Town, Hejiaqiao Town and Dazhang Town merged to Mingyue Town. Shenfugang Town and Lishanba Town merged to Chashan Town. Xinyang Township and Xianxia Town merged to Zuoquan Town. Fenglinshi Township and Huangtazui Town merged to Fenglin Town. Fuli Town and Nanqiao Town merged to Litian Town. Wangfang Town was revoked. Liling has four subdistricts and 19 towns under its jurisdiction.[3]

English name Chinese name Population
(2016)
Area
(km2)
Notes
Yangsanshi Subdistrict 阳三石街道 52,200 37.23
Xianyueshan Subdistrict 仙岳山街道 58,000 38
Lailongmen Subdistrict 来龙门街道 82,500 26.15
Guoci Subdistrict 国瓷街道 55,800 49.15
Baitutan Town 白兔潭镇 69,700 72.03
Banshan Town 板杉镇 41,100 89.94
Chashan Town 茶山镇 66,100 166.82
Chuanwan Town 船湾镇 53,400 120.57
Dongfu Town 东富镇 40,000 80.38
Fenglin Town 枫林镇 100.52 42,900
Guanzhuang Town 官庄镇 18,300 184.92
Jiashu Town 嘉树镇 25,000 63.11
Junchu Town 均楚镇 42,900 166.6
Litian Town 李畋镇 62,800 122.59
Mingyue Town 明月镇 72,400 169.1
Pukou Town 浦口镇 59,600 79.13
Shentan Town 沈潭镇 27,000 54
Shiting Town 石亭镇 41,000 107
Sifen Town 泗汾镇 42,000 62.5
Sunjiawan Town 孙家湾镇 22,700 52.78
Wangxian Town 王仙镇 48,700 86.87
Weishan Town 沩山镇 24,000 86.03
Zuoquan Town 左权镇 48,100 122.96

Geography[edit]

Liling is situated in the east of Hunan province. The city has a total area of 2,156.46-square-kilometre (832.61 sq mi). It is bordered by Pingxiang and Shangli County to the east, Liuyang to the north, Zhuzhou to the west, You County to the south.[4]

Rivers[edit]

Major rivers of Liliang are Lu River, Chengjiang River, Jiubu River, Zhaoling River and Jiang River.[4]

Lakes and reservoirs[edit]

Guanzhuang Reservoir is the largest body of water and the largest reservoir in Liling.[4]

Other reservoirs include Hetian Reservoir, Xuefeng Reservoir, Wangxianqiao Reservoir, Zhoufang Reservoir and Outang Reservoir.[4]

Mountains[edit]

The highest point in Mount Shamaojian (纱帽尖) is which stands 808 metres (2,651 ft) above sea level.[4]

Zhangxianling (彰仙岭) is the second highest natural elevation in the city, which is 707 metres (2,320 ft) above sea level.[4]

Climate[edit]

Liling has a subtropical monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 18 °C (64 °F), total annual rainfall of 1,300-to-1,600-millimetre (51 to 63 in), a frost-free period of 288 days and annual average sunshine hours in 1500 to 1910 hours.

Climate data for Liling (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
30.4
(86.7)
35.1
(95.2)
36.3
(97.3)
36.7
(98.1)
37.8
(100.0)
40.7
(105.3)
40.7
(105.3)
38.5
(101.3)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
25.2
(77.4)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
22.5
(72.5)
27.6
(81.7)
30.6
(87.1)
34.5
(94.1)
33.5
(92.3)
29.5
(85.1)
24.3
(75.7)
18.5
(65.3)
12.7
(54.9)
22.5
(72.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.8
(46.0)
11.5
(52.7)
17.7
(63.9)
22.6
(72.7)
26.0
(78.8)
29.2
(84.6)
28.3
(82.9)
24.4
(75.9)
19.1
(66.4)
13.3
(55.9)
7.7
(45.9)
17.8
(64.0)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
5.1
(41.2)
8.5
(47.3)
14.3
(57.7)
19.0
(66.2)
22.6
(72.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.7
(76.5)
20.9
(69.6)
15.4
(59.7)
9.7
(49.5)
4.4
(39.9)
14.4
(57.9)
Record low °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−6.3
(20.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.3
(36.1)
9.4
(48.9)
13.7
(56.7)
18.0
(64.4)
18.1
(64.6)
13.3
(55.9)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
−10.2
(13.6)
−10.2
(13.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.0
(3.07)
102.4
(4.03)
164.8
(6.49)
192.6
(7.58)
204.3
(8.04)
225.3
(8.87)
133.9
(5.27)
129.8
(5.11)
79.9
(3.15)
78.6
(3.09)
76.1
(3.00)
54.3
(2.14)
1,520
(59.84)
Average relative humidity (%) 83 83 83 82 81 82 76 79 80 79 78 78 80
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[5]

Economy[edit]

Liling is one of the most developed county-level cities in Hunan, it ranked the 60th in the Top100 of counties and county-level cities of China by comprehensive strength in 2020.[6] Liling has the six-largest economy in the Hunan.[7] The largest sectors of the city's economy are fireworks and porcelain manufacturing.[7] As of 2016, the gross domestic product of Liling was CN¥ 58.08 billion. The primary sector, including agriculture, fishing, forestry and mining, accounted for 9% of the county's GDP. Secondary industries, including manufacturering, construction, transport and communications, made up 28% of GDP. And the tertiary sector of trade, finance, services and public administration, accounted for nearly 63% of GDP.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of the end of 2016, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the city's population now to be 1,060,000.[8]

Language[edit]

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Xiang dialect and Liling dialect.

Religion[edit]

As of 2016, most of Liling people are atheists. They worship Chinese folk religion. Only 1% of Liling people belong to Buddhists, 1% are Taoists, 1% are Roman Catholics and Protestants.

Education[edit]

As of 2016, Liling has 213 primary schools, 44 middle schools, nine high schools, one special education school, 309 kindergartens.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Shanghai–Kunming railway and Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway, which connect Shanghai and Kunming, run north–south through the towns and subdistrict of Litian, Baitutan, Pukou, Wangxian, Xianyueshan, Dongfu, Sunjiawan, Sifen, and Chuanwan.[4]

Liling–Chaling railway and Liling-Yongzhou railway run north–south through the city.[4]

Expressway[edit]

National Highway[edit]

  • G106 National Highway
  • G320 National Highway

Tourism[edit]

Guanzhuang, Lu River Bridge, Geng Chuan Ancestral Temple, Lujiang Academy, Former Residence of Li Lisan, Former Residence of Chen Mingren, and Xianshan Park are popular attractions in Liling.

Changqing Temple, Yunyang Temple and Dongfu Temple are well known Buddhist temples.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ 2015年醴陵市国民经济和社会发展统计公报. zztj.gov., also see hntj.gov
  3. ^ 醴陵市乡镇区划调整方案:调整后下辖19镇4街道 [Adjustment of Township-level Administrative Divisions of Liling]. rednet.cn (in Chinese). 4 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Zhang Hong (2018), p. 42–43.
  5. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  6. ^ Wang Jingdong (王敬东), ed. (10 May 2020). 百强县榜单来了!看不懂,这个经济大省竟只有三席. CCTV.COM (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b c 湖南县域经济竞争力排行榜出炉!醴陵第6、攸县第11、株洲县第19,你家乡排第几!. sohu (in Chinese). 2017-08-31.
  8. ^ "Introduction to Liling". liling.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2018.
  9. ^ Snow, E. (1939). Red star over China. New York, NY: Garden City Publishing.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Zhang Hong, ed. (2018). 《中国分省系列地图册:湖南》 [Maps of Provinces in China: Hunan] (in Chinese). Xicheng District, Beijing: SinoMaps Press. ISBN 978-7-5031-8949-4.