USS Choctaw (1856)

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Uss choctaw h55218.jpg
USS Choctaw off Vicksburg
History
Union Navy Jack United States
Laid down1853, at New Albany, Indiana
Launched1856
Commissioned23 March 1863, at St. Louis, Missouri
Decommissioned22 July 1865, at Algiers, Louisiana
Stricken1866 (est.)
Fatesold, 28 March 1866
General characteristics
Displacement1,004 long tons (1,020 t)
Length260 ft (79 m)
Beam45 ft (14 m)
Draft8 ft (2.4 m)
Propulsion
Speed2 knots (4 km/h) upstream
Complement106 officers and men
Armament
  • ram
  • 1 × 100 pounder (45 kg) rifle
  • 3 × 9 in (229 mm) smoothbore cannon
  • 2 × 30 pounder (14 kg) rifles
Armorironclad

USS Choctaw (1856) was a large (1,004-ton) steamer built for the merchant service, but acquired by the Union Navy during the second year of the American Civil War.

Choctaw, with her crew of 106, was outfitted by the Navy as a ram with heavy rifled guns and was used both as a gunboat and as a ram on the rivers of the Confederate States of America.

Construction[edit]

Choctaw, a sidewheel steamer, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the Choctaw Indian tribe, formerly of Alabama and Mississippi, now resident in Oklahoma.

She was built for the merchant service; her keel was laid down at New Albany, Indiana, in 1853. She was launched in 1856. She was purchased by the United States Army on 27 September 1862 and converted into an ironclad ram, then transferred to commissioned into the United States Navy at St. Louis, Missouri on 23 March 1863 with Lieutenant Commander Francis M. Ramsay in command.

Civil War operations[edit]

From 23 April 1863, until the end of the war, Choctaw operated in the Mississippi River and its tributaries. Between 29 April and 1 May 1863, she stood up the Yazoo River for a feigned attack on Haynes' Bluff, Mississippi, designed to prevent the Confederates from reinforcing Grand Gulf. During this action, she was struck 53 times.

Remaining in the Yazoo, she took part in attacks with the Union Army which led to the destruction of Confederate works at Haynes' Bluff and the burning of the navy yard and ships lying there, at Yazoo City, between 18 and 23 May.[1]

On 6 and 7 June, she helped to repel a Confederate attack at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, after which she rescued a large number of Confederates from the river and sent them in as prisoners.

Between 7 March and 15 May 1864, she took part in the operations leading to the capture of Fort DeRussy.

Post-war decommissioning[edit]

Choctaw arrived at Algiers, Louisiana, on 20 July 1865, and was decommissioned on 22 July 1865. She was sold at New Orleans, Louisiana on 28 March 1866.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller, Francis Trevelyan, Robert S. Lanier, and Henry Wysham Lanier. The Photographic History of the Civil War: Thousands of Scenes Photographed, 1861–1865. In Ten Volumes, 1911.