Ettajdid Movement

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Ettajdid Movement
حركة التجديد
French nameMouvement Ettajdid
Former first secretaryAhmed Brahim
Founded23 April 1993 (1993-04-23)
Dissolved1 April 2012 (2012-04-01)
Preceded byTunisian Communist Party
Merged intoSocial Democratic Path
Headquarters6 rue de Métouia
NewspaperAttariq al Jadid
Democratic socialism[2]
Social liberalism[2]
Political positionCentre-left[3][4][5]
National affiliationDemocratic Modernist Pole

The Ettajdid Movement (Movement for Renewal ; Arabic: حركة التجديد‎, Ḥarakat et-Tajdīd ; French: Mouvement Ettajdid), also referred to simply as Ettajdid, was a centre-left secularist political party in Tunisia, active from 1993 to 2012.

History and profile[edit]

Ettajdid evolved out of the old Tunisian Communist Party when it abandoned its former ideology in 1993. During the Ben Ali rule it was one of the legal, although oppressed opposition parties. After the Tunisian revolution of 2011, it became part of the Democratic Modernist Pole alliance and in 2012 it merged into the Social Democratic Path. It was led by its First Secretary Mohamed Harmel from its creation until 2007 and then by Ahmed Brahim until its dissolution.

Adopting its new name and abandoning communism in April 1993, the party adopted a social economic programme, and it was legalised in November 1993. In the 1994 election, the party won four seats. This increased to five in 1999, before falling to three in the 2004 election and to two in 2009, making it the smallest of the seven parties represented in the Tunisian parliament.

After massive protests in January 2011, Ettajdid gained a post for Ahmed Brahim as Minister of Higher Education.[6] For the Constituent assembly election, Ettajdid formed a strongly secularist alliance called Democratic Modernist Pole (PDM), of which it was the mainstay.[7][8]

On 1 April 2012, it merged with the Tunisian Labour Party and some individual members of the Democratic Modernist Pole to form the Social Democratic Path.[9]

Ettajdid published Attariq al Jadid (New Path).[10]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Votes % Result
2004 Mohamed Ali Halouani 42,213 0.95% Lost Red XN
2009 Ahmed Brahim 74,257 1.57% Lost Red XN

Chamber of Deputies elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/–
1994 Mohamed Harmel 11,299 0.4%
4 / 163
Increase 4
5 / 182
Increase 1
2004 43,268 1.74%
3 / 182
Decrease 2
2009 Ahmed Brahim 22,206 0.50%
2 / 214
Decrease 1


  1. ^ Marks, Monica (26 October 2011), "Can Islamism and Feminism Mix?", The New York Times, retrieved 28 October 2011
  2. ^ a b Fisher, Max (27 October 2011), "Tunisian Election Results Guide: The Fate of a Revolution", The Atlantic, retrieved 28 October 2011
  3. ^ Ryan, Yasmine (14 January 2011). "Tunisia president not to run again". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  4. ^ Chebbi, Najib (18 January 2011). "Tunisia: who are the opposition leaders?". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  5. ^ "Tunisia seeks to form unity cabinet after Ben Ali fall". BBC News. 16 January 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Tunisia forms national unity government amid unrest". BBC. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
  7. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (19 October 2011), "Tunisian elections: the key parties", The Guardian, retrieved 24 October 2011
  8. ^ Bollier, Sam (9 Oct 2011), "Who are Tunisia's political parties?", Al Jazeera, retrieved 21 October 2011
  9. ^ Ghribi, Asma (2 April 2012), Fusion of Centrist Parties to Create a New Force in Tunisian Politics, Tunisia-live, archived from the original on 2 January 2014, retrieved 6 November 2013
  10. ^ "Tunisia's Media Landscape" (Report). International Media Support. June 2002. Retrieved 11 October 2014.

External links[edit]