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Jack Bros.

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Jack Bros.
Jack Bros Virtual Boy North American release.jpg
North American box art
Director(s)Koji Mishima
Producer(s)Hideyuki Yokoyama
Composer(s)Hiroyuki Yanada
SeriesMegami Tensei
Platform(s)Virtual Boy
  • JP: September 29, 1995
  • NA: October/November 1995
Genre(s)Top down shooter

Jack Bros.[a] is an action video game developed and published by Atlus for the Virtual Boy, released in late 1995 in Japan and North America. It is a spin-off from Atlus' video game series Megami Tensei, and was the first entry to be released outside Japan.

The player takes the role of one of the three Jack brothers – Jack Frost, Jack Lantern, or Jack Skelton[b] – who have visited the human world for Halloween, and need to return to the fairy world before the portal connecting the two worlds closes. The player needs to make their way through six areas, which consist of a number of floors, defeating enemies by using character-specific attacks and collecting keys to be able to advance to the next floor. It received generally positive reception for its gameplay, but was criticized for the lack of puzzle elements and under-utilization of the Virtual Boy's 3D effect.

Gameplay and premise[edit]

The player searches multi-floor areas for keys while fighting enemies and avoiding traps.

Jack Bros. follows the three Jack brothers[1] – Jack Frost, Jack Lantern and Jack Skelton[2] – who have traveled from the fairy world to the human world through a portal that opens every year on Halloween. Losing track of time, they spend too much time in the human world, and forget about returning until there only is one hour left to the portal's closing; the fairy Pixie shows them a shortcut, which, while dangerous, is the only way to return to the portal in time.[1]

The player picks one of the three brothers to play as;[2] Pixie can also be unlocked as a playable character.[3] They traverse six areas within a time limit to make it back to the fairy world in time. The areas all consist of a number of floors; the player needs to collect all keys on each floor, before being allowed to jump down to a lower floor.[4] To find the keys, the player uses a radar that displays their locations; once all have been collected, it shows the location of the exit.[5] Once the player reaches the bottom floor, they are faced with a boss character they need to defeat, after which they can proceed to the next area.[4]

To defeat enemies, the player can use both regular and special attacks. The latter use up Special Attack Stars; the player starts the game with three, and can gain more throughout the game, which carry over between areas.[5] The types of attacks and stats such as attack power and agility differ depending on the character: Jack Frost's standard attack is throwing snowballs, Jack Lantern's is shooting fire balls, while Jack Skelton uses his knife. Their special attacks are, respectively, freezing all enemies for a few seconds; dealing a large amount of damage to all enemies; and defeating all enemies that are visible on the screen.[6] As the player explores the floors, they need to avoid being attacked by enemies or falling into traps: each time this happens, the remaining time limit decreases by five seconds.[4] If the timer reaches zero, the player reaches a game over state, although they are given the option to restart from the beginning of the current area.[7]

Development and release[edit]

Jack Bros. was developed and published by Atlus for the Virtual Boy, and was released on September 29, 1995 in Japan,[8] and somewhere between late October and November 1995 in North America.[9] According to Nintendo Power, Atlus did not reveal any details about the game's development,[10] although it is known that it initially was planned to be titled Devil Busters.[11] It is a spin-off from Atlus' Megami Tensei series, and the first entry to be released outside Japan.[12] Being a Virtual Boy title, it made use of the system's stereoscopic 3D to display conventional 2D graphics in monochrome red and black visuals,[13] and a graphics technique called parallax scrolling, to create a 3D effect.[14]


Several critics called Jack Bros. among the best games on the Virtual Boy.

Jack Bros. was well received in retrospective reviews, with multiple critics calling it one of the best Virtual Boy games;[3][15][16][17] some thought it was held back by the platform, and that it should be made available on other platforms, such as the Nintendo 3DS.[3][16][18] In 2003, the staff at Tips & Tricks stated it to be the most uncommon North American Virtual Boy release, giving it a rarity rating of 6/10 based on a consultation with Digital Press.[19]

Brett Elston at GamesRadar thought the gameplay was "fairly basic", but still enjoyed the game, calling it unusually well made.[18] Nintendo Life's Dave Frear enjoyed the game, but wished it had included some puzzle elements rather than focusing entirely on combat; he did however find the strategic thinking involved in going back to earlier areas and figuring out how to save time to make up for this to some extent.[3] Meanwhile, Jason Moore of N64 Magazine wished it had included role-playing elements.[20] Frear enjoyed the replayability resulting from the multiple characters and difficulty settings.[3] GamesRadar's Mikel Reparaz called it "excellent [and] solidly designed" to the point where he would keep playing it despite the eye strain the Virtual Boy would give him.[15]

Frear enjoyed the visual design, calling the enemy designs reminiscent of The Legend of Zelda, and particularly praised the boss characters for looking interesting, with the first boss as the sole exception. He did however note that there was little variety in the environments and that it barely made use of the system's 3D functionality aside from in the effect used when moving to a new floor.[3] Elston also thought the 3D was utilized very little, but still found what was done with it appealing.[18] Frear enjoyed the large variety in the music, and how the sound effects managed to keep the audio experience interesting despite their simplicity.[3] Reparaz said that Jack Bros. had one of the best soundtracks on the Virtual Boy, particularly noting the track from the area "Grim Reaper's Cavern".[15]


  1. ^ Known in Japan as Jack Brothers' Hee-Ho at the Labyrinth! (Japanese: ジャック・ブラザースの迷路でヒーホー!, Hepburn: Jakku Burazāsu no Meiro de Hīhō!)
  2. ^ "Jack Ripper" in the Japanese version and main Megami Tensei series


  1. ^ a b Jack Bros. Instruction Booklet. Atlus. 1995. p. 7.
  2. ^ a b Jack Bros. Instruction Booklet. Atlus. 1995. p. 10.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Frear, Dave (2009-07-14). "Jack Bros. (Virtual Boy) Review". Nintendo Life. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  4. ^ a b c Jack Bros. Instruction Booklet. Atlus. 1995. p. 9.
  5. ^ a b Jack Bros. Instruction Booklet. Atlus. 1995. p. 12.
  6. ^ Jack Bros. Instruction Booklet. Atlus. 1995. pp. 14–15.
  7. ^ Jack Bros. Instruction Booklet. Atlus. 1995. p. 11.
  8. ^ "ジャック・ブラザースの迷路でヒーホー! まとめ [etc]". Famitsu (in Japanese). Enterbrain. Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  9. ^ "Pak Watch: Exclusive First Look". Nintendo Power. Nintendo (77). 1995.
  10. ^ "Virtual Boy: It's Virtually Here". Nintendo Power. Nintendo (73): 73. 1995.
  11. ^ "Virtual Boy Arrives! It's in Your Face". Nintendo Power. Nintendo (75): 13. 1995.
  12. ^ Kalata, Kurt; Snelgrove, Chrisopher J. (2010-08-08). "Spinoffs". Hardcore Gaming 101. Archived from the original on 2016-10-09. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  13. ^ McFerran, Damien (2009-02-11). "Nintendo's Portable History: Part 3, Virtual Boy". Pocket Gamer. Steel Media. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
  14. ^ "Backwards Compatible: The Virtual Boy". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-06-01. Archived from the original on 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2015-04-13.
  15. ^ a b c Reparaz, Mikel (2012-06-23). "The 5 Best Virtual Boy Games". GamesRadar. Future plc. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  16. ^ a b Gilbert, Henry (2012-08-06). "Persona Primer". GamesRadar. Future plc. p. 3. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  17. ^ Donlan, Christian (2009-11-22). "Retrospective: Nintendo's Handheld Legacy". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. p. 3. Archived from the original on 2013-09-29. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  18. ^ a b c Elston, Brett (2012-06-23). "Nine Virtual Boy games the 3DS can completely redeem". GamesRadar. Future plc. p. 3. Archived from the original on 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  19. ^ "Collecting Virtual Boy". Tips & Tricks. United States: Larry Flynt Publications (98): 94. 2003.
  20. ^ Moore, Jason (1999). "Retroworld". N64 Magazine. Future plc (27): 15.

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